By Julythe question of partition was resolved with the fulfillment of the demand for Pakistan. Hence, the provision for autonomy to the status was dropped in favour of a strong Centre. Not being the result of agreement no State has the right to secede from it.
The Relation between Centre and State in India! Position of the States in Indian Union: On account of the exigencies of the situation, the Indian federation has acquired characteristics which are quite different from the American model.
Legislation by a State can be disallowed by the President, when reserved by the Governor for his consideration. Again these ideas are found in the Canadian Constitution though not in the Constitution of the U.
The bulk of the Constitution can be amended by a Bill in the Union Parliament being passed by a special majority. It is possible for the Union Parliament to reorganise the States or to alter their boundaries by a simple majority in the ordinary process of legislation.
The ease with which the federal organisation may be reshaped by an ordinary legislation by the Union Parliament has been demonstrated by the enactment of the States Reorganisation Act, A large number of new States have, since, been formed. Hence, the federal safeguard against the interests of the lesser States being overridden by the interests of the larger or more populated States is absent under our Constitution.
Legislative, Administrative and Financial: Our Constitution is one of the very few that has gone into details regarding the relationship between the Union and the States.
By going into great details of the relations, the Constitution framers hope to minimize the conflicts between the centre and the states. By and large, the confrontations between the two have been minimal.
Legislative Relations Articles From point of view of the territory over which the legislation can have effect, the jurisdiction of a State Legislature is limited to the territory of that State.
But in the case of Parliament, it has power to legislate for the whole or any part of the territory of India i. States, Union Territories or any other areas included for the time being in the territory of India. Only some provisions for scheduled areas, to some extent, limit the territorial jurisdiction of Parliament.
Legislative Methods of the Union to Control over States: As for the subjects of legislation the Constitution has adopted, as if directly from the Government of India Act,a three-fold distribution of legislative powers between the Union and the States, a procedure which is not very common with federal constitutions elsewhere.
The Constitutions of the United States and Australia provided a single enumeration of powers—power of the Federal Legislature— and placed the residuary powers in the hands of the States.
Canada provides for a double enumeration, dividing the legislative powers between the Federal and State legislatures. The Indian Constitution introduces a scheme of three-fold enumeration, namely, Federal, State and Concurrent. List I includes all those subjects which are in the exclusive jurisdiction of Parliament.
List II consist of all the subjects which are under exclusive jurisdiction of the State Legislature, and List III which is called the Concurrent List, consists of subjects on which both Parliament and the State legislatures can pass laws.
List I, or the Union List, includes 99 items, including residuary powers, most of them related to matters which are exclusively within the jurisdiction of the Union. Subjects of national importance requiring uniform legislation for the country as a whole are inducted in the Union List.
The more important examples are defence, armed forces, arms and ammunition, atomic energy, foreign affairs, coinage, banking and insurance.Words Essay on Centre-State Relations Article shared by In the Objective Resolution adopted on 22nd January , the Constituent Assembly declared its firm and solemn resolve to make India an Independent Sovereign Republic, where the States shall possess and retain the status of .
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The Centre is alleged to expect unquestioned submission by the State governments like the appointment of Commission of inquiry by the Centre against the governments and ministries, invariably, of those States ruled by parties other than that at the Centre. Essay on the Centre-State Financial Relations in India.
Introduction: The distribution of powers in countries adopting the federal system of government defines the financial relations between the Central and State governments. Write an Essay on the Centre State Relations: Strengthening the Principle of Federalism. This essay has been submitted by a law student.
This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. Centre State Relations and Power Separation.