The legacies of colonialism and imperialism

The Legacy of Imperialism To draw conclusions about imperialism it is valuable to look back at various historical case studies. What common patterns did you notice? Were the motivations for imperialism more similar or different?

The legacies of colonialism and imperialism

Postcolonial theory thus establishes intellectual spaces for subaltern peoples to speak for themselves, in their own voices, and thus produce cultural discourses of philosophy, language, society and economy, balancing the imbalanced us-and-them binary power-relationship between the colonist and the colonial subjects.

Colonialism was presented as "the extension of civilization", which ideologically justified the self-ascribed racial and cultural superiority of the Western world over the non-Western world. That such a divinely established, natural harmony among the human races of the world would be possible, because everyone has an assigned cultural identitya social place, and an economic role within an imperial colony.

Colonialism and Imperialism

The regeneration of the inferior or degenerate races, by the superior races is part of the providential order of things for humanity. Regere imperio populos is our vocation. Pour forth this all-consuming activity onto countries, which, like China, are crying aloud for foreign conquest.

Turn the adventurers who disturb European society into a ver sacrum, a horde like those of the Franks, the Lombards, or the Normans, and every man will be in his right role. Nature has made a race of workers, the Chinese race, who have wonderful manual dexterity, and almost no sense of honour; govern them with justice, levying from them, in return for the blessing of such a government, an ample allowance for the conquering race, and they will be satisfied; a race of tillers of the soil, the Negro; treat him with kindness and humanity, and all will be as it should; a race of masters and soldiers, the European race.

Let each do what he is made for, and all will be well.

The Legacies of Colonialism and Imperialism Essay – Free Papers and Essays Examples

Especially in the colonization of the Far East and in the late-nineteenth century Scramble for Africathe representation of a homogeneous European identity justified colonization. Hence, Belgium and Britain, and France and Germany proffered theories of national superiority that justified colonialism as delivering the light of civilization to unenlightened peoples.

In postcolonial literaturethe anti-conquest narrative analyzes the identity politics that are the social and cultural perspectives of the subaltern colonial subjects—their creative resistance to the culture of the colonizer ; how such cultural resistance complicated the establishment of a colonial society; how the colonizers developed their postcolonial identity; and how neocolonialism actively employs the Us-and-Them binary social relation to view the non-Western world as inhabited by The Other.

The neocolonial discourse of geopolitical homogeneity relegating the decolonized peoples, their cultures, and their countries, to an imaginary place, such as "the Third World ", an over-inclusive term that usually comprises continents and seas, i.

Africa, Asia, Latin America, and Oceania. As such, the terms postcolonial and postcolonialism denote aspects of the subject matter, which indicate that the decolonized world is an intellectual space "of contradictions, of half-finished processes, of confusions, of hybridityand of liminalities".

Theory, Practice, PoliticsHelen Gilbert and Joanne Tompkins clarified the denotational functions, among which: The term post-colonialism—according to a too-rigid etymology—is frequently misunderstood as a temporal concept, meaning the time after colonialism has ceased, or the time following the politically determined Independence Day on which a country breaks away from its governance by another state.

A theory of post-colonialism must, then, respond to more than the merely chronological construction of post-independence, and to more than just the discursive experience of imperialism. Its societal effects—the imposition of a subjugating colonial identity—are harmful to the mental health of the native peoples who were subjugated into colonies.

Fanon wrote the ideological essence of colonialism is the systematic denial of "all attributes of humanity" of the colonized people. Such dehumanization is achieved with physical and mental violence, by which the colonist means to inculcate a servile mentality upon the natives.

The legacies of colonialism and imperialism

For Fanon the natives must violently resist colonial subjugation. This is the concept that the cultural representations generated with the us-and-them binary relation are social constructswhich are mutually constitutive and cannot exist independent of each other, because each exists on account of and for the other.

Orientalism thus conflated and reduced the non—Western world into the homogeneous cultural entity known as "the East". Therefore, in service to the colonial type of imperialism, the us-and-them Orientalist paradigm allowed European scholars to represent the Oriental World as inferior and backward, irrational and wild, as opposed to a Western Europe that was superior and progressive, rational and civil—the opposite of the Oriental Other.

Africa (1) The Legacy of Colonialism - Johan D. Tangelder

That the applied power of such cultural knowledge allowed Europeans to rename, re-define, and thereby control Oriental peoples, places, and things, into imperial colonies. Therefore, descriptions of the Orient by the Occident lack material attributes, grounded within land.

It should be understood that this process draws creativity, amounting an entire domain and discourse. Therefore, there is an entire industry that exploits the Orient for its own subjective purposes that lack a native and intimate understanding. Such industries become institutionalized and eventually become a resource for manifest Orientalism, or a compilation of misinformation about the Orient.

The ideology of Empire was hardly ever a brute jingoism; rather, it made subtle use of reason, and recruited science and history to serve its ends.the legacy of colonialism Colonialism lasted for about years in Africa and indeed it had a great impact on African people and their continent though controversial.

Many European and Eurocentric historians have argued that the impact was both positive and iridis-photo-restoration.coms: 5. Legacies of colonialism: Weak states and economic underdevelopment The weakness of postcolonial nations was a result of colonialism—which left a political heritage of weak states with limited control over territory and regimes that relied on ethnic divisions, a centralized authority, and patronage systems inherited from colonial rule.

Colonialism is the policy of domination pursued by the European powers starting in the fifteenth century and extending to the mid twentieth century. During this period European countries began to exert their control over large parts of the world.

Showing how legacies of colonialism initiate, facilitate, and propagate migration in a multi-ethnic, post-colonial migrant-sending country beyond the end of colonial rule, this text is a key read for scholars of migration, citizenship, ethnicity, nationalism and postcolonialism.

The Legacies of Colonialism & Imperialism On Less Developed Countries Comparative Politics Colonialism is the policy of domination pursued by the European powers starting in the fifteenth century and extending to the mid twentieth century.

This paper analyses the legacies of colonialism and uses Kenya as a case study. The paper first briefly summary of the main features of Kenya’s precolonial communities-.

Colonialism - Wikipedia