Parmenides, Theaetetus, Phaedrus c. Transmission of Plato's Works Except for the Timaeus, all of Plato's works were lost to the Western world until medieval times, preserved only by Moslem scholars in the Middle East.
Plato Versus Aristotle, and the Struggle for the Soul of Western Civilization is an illuminating and thought-provoking look at how the theories of the two philosophers essentially shaped future civilizations.
Here, he explains the two contrasting theories and, depending on which you subscribe to, what they say about you. Twenty four centuries ago they laid the foundations of Western culture, and their ideas and insights still dictate essential features of our world right now, from what we eat to what we see on the Internet.
The real split that shapes our lives, our relationships, and our culture is between our inner Plato and inner Aristotle. Plato taught his students that all of us want to be part of something higher, a transcendent reality of which the world we see is only a small part, and which unites everything into a single harmonious whole.
All of us, he said, want to crawl out of the cave of darkness and ignorance, and walk in the light of truth. Growing up in a family of Greek physicians, Aristotle learned early on the value of observation and hands-on experience.
And here are five important lessons we can learn from both of them. Twenty four hundred years ago Plato taught that every human soul has the desire to reach for a higher, purer, and more spiritual truth that will illuminate our lives and transform our world. Aristotle, on the other hand, said the light of truth is found here in the material world, and our job is to understand and find our place in it.
The entire history of Western civilization has been the great struggle between these two ways of seeing the world, and that includes not just in every society but within ourselves: Today, Aristotle is the godfather of the Internet, entrepreneurial start-ups, and e-commerce: Plato and Aristotle are important in personal relationships, too.
Choosing the right mate or date can be as much about finding someone who balances our inner Plato or Aristotle, as it is about compatibility or shared interests--maybe more so.
That works for us. Others might find that a pair of Platonists end up spending too much time contemplating the Eternal to get anything done, while two Aristotelians have a habit of falling into workaholic schedules.I get the importance of the questions he posed throughout his work, but wouldn't that be product of his time?
is scarce. I will read some more of his works. Thank you for taking the time to reply. And I'm not trying to be disrespectful at all, but critical. I will read more of his work as soon as I'm done studying for my finals. I can't. Watch video · Plato Biography Writer, Philosopher (c. BCE–c.
BCE) Ancient Greek philosopher Plato founded the Academy and is the author of philosophical works of . In this sense he is an important philosopher because everyone who was learning philosophy for many many years read Plato or read philosophers who had read Plato.
Due to this fact, Plato's writings were able to broadly define the topics of discussion in the philosophical project: ethics, metaphysics, epistemology, cosmology, etc. Plato’s most brilliant pupil, however, arrived at a very different view.
Growing up in a family of Greek physicians, Aristotle learned early on the value of observation and hands-on experience.
This lesson reviews Plato's life, his works, and his central ideas.
It's the essential ideas that you need to understand when studying the most influential philosopher in Western civilization. Aug 21, · Aristotle arrived from northern Greece to join the Academy at age 17, studying and teaching there for the last 20 years of Plato’s life.
Plato died in Athens, and was probably buried on the Academy grounds.