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To the Greeks, such arrogance in human behavior was punishable by terrible vengeance. The tragic hero was to be pitied in his fallen plight but not necessarily forgiven: Greek tragedy frequently has a bleak outcome. Christian drama, on the other hand, always offers a ray of hope; hence, Macbeth ends with the coronation of Malcolma new leader who exhibits all the correct virtues for a king.
Macbeth exhibits elements that reflect the greatest Christian tragedy of all: In the Genesis story, it is the weakness of Adam, persuaded by his wife who has in turn been seduced by the devil Macbeth and responsibility essay leads him to the proud assumption that he can "play God.
Christ will come to save mankind precisely because mankind has made the wrong choice through his own free will. In Christian terms, although Macbeth has acted tyrannically, criminally, and sinfully, he is not entirely beyond redemption in heaven.
Fortune, Fate, and Free Will Fortune is another word for chance. The ancient view of human affairs frequently referred to the "Wheel of Fortune," according to which human life was something of a lottery.
One could rise to the top of the wheel and enjoy the benefits of superiority, but only for a while. With an unpredictable swing up or down, one could equally easily crash to the base of the wheel. Fate, on the other hand, is fixed. In a fatalistic universe, the length and outcome of one's life destiny is predetermined by external forces.
In Macbeth, the Witches represent this influence. The play makes an important distinction: Fate may dictate what will be, but how that destiny comes about is a matter of chance and, in a Christian world such as Macbeth's of man's own choice or free will.
Although Macbeth is told he will become king, he is not told how to achieve the position of king: We cannot blame him for becoming king it is his Destinybut we can blame him for the way in which he chooses to get there by his own free will.
Kingship and Natural Order Macbeth is set in a society in which the notion of honor to one's word and loyalty to one's superiors is absolute. At the top of this hierarchy is the king, God's representative on Earth.
Other relationships also depend on loyalty: In this play, all these basic societal relationships are perverted or broken. Lady Macbeth's domination over her husband, Macbeth's treacherous act of regicide, and his destruction of comradely and family bonds, all go against the natural order of things.
The medieval and renaissance view of the world saw a relationship between order on earth, the so-called microcosm, and order on the larger scale of the universe, or macrocosm. Thus, when Lennox and the Old Man talk of the terrifying alteration in the natural order of the universe — tempests, earthquakes, darkness at noon, and so on — these are all reflections of the breakage of the natural order that Macbeth has brought about in his own microcosmic world.
Disruption of Nature Violent disruptions in nature — tempests, earthquakes, darkness at noon, and so on — parallel the unnatural and disruptive death of the monarch Duncan.
Thus, when Lennox and the Old Man talk of the terrifying alteration in the natural order of the universe naturethese are all reflections of the breakage of the natural order that Macbeth has brought about in his own microcosmic world society. Many critics see the parallel between Duncan's death and disorder in nature as an affirmation of the divine right theory of kingship.
As we witness in the play, Macbeth's murder of Duncan and his continued tyranny extends the disorder of the entire country.
Gender Roles Lady Macbeth is the focus of much of the exploration of gender roles in the play. As Lady Macbeth propels her husband toward committing Duncan's murder, she indicates that she must take on masculine characteristics. Her most famous speech — located in Act I, Scene 5 — addresses this issue.
Clearly, gender is out of its traditional order. This disruption of gender roles is also presented through Lady Macbeth's usurpation of the dominate role in the Macbeth's marriage; on many occasions, she rules her husband and dictates his actions.
Reason Versus Passion During their debates over which course of action to take, Macbeth and Lady Macbeth use different persuasive strategies. Their differences can easily be seen as part of a thematic study of gender roles.
However, in truth, the difference in ways Macbeth and Lady Macbeth rationalize their actions is essential to understanding the subtle nuances of the play as a whole.
Macbeth is very rational, contemplating the consequences and implications of his actions.Macbeth - Responsibility Essays: Over , Macbeth - Responsibility Essays, Macbeth - Responsibility Term Papers, Macbeth - Responsibility Research Paper, Book Reports.
ESSAYS, term and research papers available for UNLIMITED access. Apr 14, · Summary of Degrees of Responsibility in Macbeth, or Who Is Guilty in Macbeth? King Duncan’s guards, and even King Duncan himself, that push Macbeth to his eventual downfall.
This essay will examine the different characters and the forces they exert that lead to the assassination of Duncan, Banquo, and others by Macbeth.
Finally, and Reviews: 4. Essay about Macbeth's Responsibility for the Murder of King Duncan - Macbeth's Responsibility for the Murder of King Duncan This essay will discuss the issue of King Duncan's murder in William Shakespeare's play 'Macbeth'.
Macbeth is seen to be the one that is responsible for Duncan's murder as his hands were the ones that actually killed . In Macbeth, William Shakespeare's tragedy about power, ambition, deceit, and murder, the Three Witches foretell Macbeth's rise to King of Scotland but also prophesy that future kings will descend from Banquo, a fellow army captain.
Who Is Ultimately Responsible for the Tragedy of Macbeth Essay. A+.
Pages:6 Words This is just a sample. He never listened to himself, and never took responsibility for his actions. At the end of the play, he finally understood that he should do what his instinct told him, but at that point of the play, he ended up killing families.
Macbeth: The Witches' Responsibility for Macbeth's Actions The three witches that are introduced at the beginning of the play are responsible for the introduction of the ideas that caused Duncan's death and Macbeth's destruction but not for Macbeth's actions themselves.