Print this page The descriptions that follow are not standards themselves but instead offer a portrait of students who meet the standards set out in this document. As students advance through the grades and master the standards in reading, writing, speaking, listening, and language, they are able to exhibit with increasing fullness and regularity these capacities of the literate individual. Students can, without significant scaffolding, comprehend and evaluate complex texts across a range of types and disciplines, and they can construct effective arguments and convey intricate or multifaceted information.
In contrast, number of sources is considered along with historical accuracy and the other criteria in the use of a holistic rubric to arrive at a more global or holistic impression of the student work. When to choose an analytic rubric Analytic rubrics are more common because teachers typically want to assess each criterion separately, particularly for assignments that involve a larger number of criteria.
It becomes more and more difficult to assign a level of performance in a holistic rubric as the number of criteria increases. For example, what level would you assign a student on the holistic research rubric above if the student included 12 sources, had lots of inaccuracies, did not make it clear from which source information came, and whose bibliography contained most relevant information?
As student performance increasingly varies across criteria it becomes more difficult to assign an appropriate holistic category to the performance. Additionally, an analytic rubric better handles weighting of criteria.
How would you treat "historical accuracy" as more important a criterion in the holistic rubric? It is not easy. But the analytic rubric handles it well by using a simple multiplier for each criterion.
When to choose a holistic rubric So, when might you use a holistic rubric? Holistic rubrics tend to be used when a quick or gross judgment needs to be made.
If the assessment is a minor one, such as a brief homework assignment, it may be sufficient to apply a holistic judgment e. But holistic rubrics can also be employed for more substantial assignments. On some tasks it is not easy to evaluate performance on one criterion independently of performance on a different criterion.
For example, many writing rubrics see example are holistic because it is not always easy to disentangle clarity from organization or content from presentation. So, some educators believe a holistic or global assessment of student performance better captures student ability on certain tasks.
Alternatively, if two criteria are nearly inseparable, the combination of the two can be treated as a single criterion in an analytic rubric. There is no specific number of levels a rubric should or should not possess. It will vary depending on the task and your needs. A rubric can have as few as two levels of performance e.
But because a checklist does contain criteria and at least two levels of performance, I include it under the category of rubrics. Also, it is not true that there must be an even number or an odd number of levels. Again, that will depend on the situation.
To further consider how many levels of performance should be included in a rubric, I will separately address analytic and holistic rubrics.
Analytic rubrics Generally, it is better to start with a smaller number of levels of performance for a criterion and then expand if necessary.
Making distinctions in student performance across two or three broad categories is difficult enough. As the number of levels increases, and those judgments become finer and finer, the likelihood of error increases.
For example, in an oral presentation rubric, amount of eye contact might be an important criterion. Performance on that criterion could be judged along three levels of performance: Or, at the least, it is a place to start.
Furthermore, you might discover that the labels of never, sometimes and always sufficiently communicates to your students the degree to which they can improve on making eye contact.
On the other hand, after applying the rubric you might discover that you cannot effectively discriminate among student performance with just three levels of performance.
Perhaps, in your view, many students fall in between never and sometimes, or between sometimes and always, and neither label accurately captures their performance. So, at this point, you may decide to expand the number of levels of performance to include never, rarely, sometimes, usually and always.English Language Arts Standards» Introduction» Students Who are College and Career Ready in Reading, Writing, Speaking, Listening, & Language.
Literacy data published by UNESCO displays that since , the adult literacy rate at the world level has increased by 5 percentage points every decade on average, from per cent in to per cent in However, for four decades, the population growth was so rapid that the number of illiterate adults kept increasing, rising from million in to million in 1.
The earliest forms of written communication originated in Sumer, located in southern Mesopotamia about iridis-photo-restoration.com this era, literacy was "a largely functional matter, propelled by the need to manage the new quantities of information and the new type of governance created by trade and large scale production". Writing systems in . The Verb Recognize a verb when you see one. Verbs are a necessary component of all iridis-photo-restoration.com have two important functions: Some verbs put stalled subjects into motion while other verbs help to clarify the subjects in meaningful ways. Check if a qualification is regulated and what level it is on the Regulated Qualifications Framework (RQF).
Introduction Contents of Section 1. What do we mean by Computer Aided Assessment? Formative and summative assessment; 1. iridis-photo-restoration.com: Voyages in English: Grammar and Writing, Grade Level 6 (): Sister Patricia Healey IHM MA, Sister Irene Kervick IHM MA, Sister Anne B.
McGuire IHM MA, Sister Adrienne Saybolt IHM MA: Books. Overview of Presentation Brief overview of 4 descriptors of scoring rubric Focus on individual descriptors Interaction of descriptors Benchmarked writing samples* Writing samples* for further practice student writing from an ECCE preparation course.
As in the above example, a rubric is comprised of two components: criteria and levels of iridis-photo-restoration.com rubric has at least two criteria and at least two levels of performance.