Essays on the scopes trial

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Essays on the scopes trial

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Essay on the Scopes "Monkey" Trial The Scopes Trial Essay Followers of the history of the twentieth century will no doubt disagree with the claim that the media circus surrounding O. J Simpson in the mid 's was the "trial of the century", in favor of a trial that debated concepts along higher lines of human thought, namely, Darwin's theories of evolution versus creationism.

The Scopes "Monkey" Trial, which occurred in Dayton, TN inpitted two great American orators and two sides of thought against each other in a debate of pure science against literal religious beliefs, and modernity against traditional conservative views.

The effects from this trial have been so great that the ideas presented and issues raised continue to resonate and remain controversial seventy-five years later. To the American mind, the Scopes Trial is the most recent and vivid example of the frequent incompatibility of science and religion.

And as science continues to advance, new controversies appear daily to reaffirm that what Pope John Paul II called the "two realms of knowledge" often make strange bedfellows when procedures in fields like medicine, biology, and genetics are introduced that give new meaning to the creation and mortality of life.

These are big questions, and thus it makes sense that the controversies of today were set in motion by a controversy that began nearly years ago because of the same conflict between science and religion.

If the Scopes "Monkey" Trial is known as The Trial of the Twentieth Century, then the conflict Essays on the scopes trial Galileo and the Catholic Church can be seen as The Trial of Four Centuries, for the outcome and implications have affected the development of our view of our place in the universe until the present.

According to Hetherington, Galileo's trial and condemnation by the Inquisition in "seriously impeded the rise of scientific cosmology".

This is true in that for about years science for Catholic astronomers was required to be treated as "theory" rather than fact, and books teaching of the Earth's motion remained banned untilamong other impediments that caused science in the Catholic tradition to be seen as inferior to the work of those who did not have to contend with Rome.

Because of the actions of the Catholic Church, it is thus "religion rather than philosophy that has come to be regarded as the chief early obstacle to modern science". However, Hetherington asserts that this is an untrue view of the situation. The finer details of the spirit of the times, the popular philosophy of the day, the religious and cultural mindset of the day, legal confusions, and Galileo's own difficult personality, among other factors, all combined to make the Galileo affair much more complex than a matter of one party being solely to blame.

Essays on the scopes trial

However, because the case was not clear-cut and easily resolved, it has negatively impacted the Catholic Church for nearly years. Ignorance of the true nature of the accusations and the wrongs attributed to each side has further compounded a negative view of the Church.

So with closure, favorable public opinion, and a genuine desire to look at facts in search of truth in mind, Pope John Paul II appointed a committee in to open and examine Galileo's case.

Cardinal Poupard, the head of this committee, presented its findings in a report to the Pope in In his opening statements, Poupard explains that the aim of the committee was "to reply to the expectations of the world of science and culture regarding the Galileo question, to rethink this whole question, with complete fidelity to established historical facts and in conformity with the teachings and the culture of the times and to recognize honestly-the rights and wrong, regardless of their source.

This objective is calm and rational, with an emphasis on truth without blame, and proceeds in a logical matter. Poupard first examines the question of whether Copernican astronomy was irrefutably true at the time of the trial. As Cardinal Bellermine said, if it were true, it would then be necessary to re-examine relevant Scriptural passages and "say that we do not understand them, rather than to say that what is demonstrated is false.

But since it was not until years after Galileo that the "optical and mechanical proofs for the motion of the Earth were discovered" and the theory thus made irrefutable, this examination of Scripture could not take place in Poupard then admits how the scientific truths eventually showed the "relative character" of Galileo's sentence, and defends the subsequent actions of the Church as it granted an imprimatur to Galileo's work inremoved books on heliocentric theory from the Index inand endorsed Copernicanism as a thesis in all works on the subject in Poupard makes his main point when he ascribes the problems with the "then new theories" as a result of a "transitional situation in the field of astronomical knowledge and of an exegetical confusion regarding cosmology.

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Because the intellectual and religious climate of the times was not ready to accept Galileo's propositions, he was made to suffer. Poupard's main defense of the Church's actions against Galileo in terms of historical context is truthful.

That the earth was the fixed center of the universe was the dominant idea since ancient times. Both Aristotle and certain Biblical passages supported it, and Aristotle and the Bible were the dominant authorities in intellectual and religious life, which were the two fields that mattered to those in power.

Galileo's first conflicts over his theories were with professors of philosophy who taught physics in strict Aristotelian sense and received his ideas with animosity.

Essays on the scopes trial

In fact, powerful members of the Church sided with Galileo on certain issues. According to Hetherington, "Professors of philosophy unanimously opposed Galileo's science; high officials of the Catholic Church did not".infamous Scopes Trial of Twenty-four year old high school teacher John Thomas Scopes of Dayton, Tennessee decided to test a law called the Butler Act.

Famous Trials - UMKC School of Law - Prof. Douglas Linder

Many teachers felt that honor and academic freedom along with the separation of church and state were at risk.

The ACLU promised to defend any teacher who challenged the law, and this is how the Scopes trial came about. The Scopes trial was known as one of the greatest trials of all time. The Scopes trial was known as the monkey trial. The Scopes trial was held July 10 to July 21 of in Dayton, Tennessee/5(3).

- The Scopes Monkey Trial In a tiny courtroom in the county of Dayton Tennessee, the jury settled into their seats, ready to return the verdict in the most controversial . The Scopes Trial. Considered a "Duel to the Death" by the people involved, the Scopes Monkey Trial did not deliver a final verdict on the then controversial issue of evolution being taught in 5/5(1).

The Scopes Trial, widely know as the Monkey Trial, has been called the trial of the century, and opened the door to the conflict between creationism and evolution, even though the trial itself actually decided nothing.

In fact upon appeal the trial was declared a mistrial due to the fact the judge /5(3). Essay on the Scopes "Monkey" Trial The Scopes Trial Essay Followers of the history of the twentieth century will no doubt disagree with the claim that the media circus surrounding O.J Simpson in the mid 's was the "trial of the century", in favor of a trial that debated concepts along higher lines of human thought, namely, Darwin's theories.

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