Anthropomorphism — Anthropomorphism is the attribution of human traits, emotions, and intentions to non-human entities and is considered to be an innate tendency of human psychology. Personification is the attribution of human form and characteristics to abstract concepts such as nations, emotions and natural forces like seasons. Both have ancient roots as storytelling and artistic devices, and most cultures have traditional fables with anthropomorphized animals as characters, people have also routinely attributed human emotions and behavioural traits to wild as well as domestic animals.
This gate was the point of departure of roads which connected Ephesus with Magnesia and Miletus. After entering the site from the upper gate, at the far right end there is the Bath of Varius, a 2C AD Roman bath complex.
It was a public area where people gathered for political, commercial and social reasons. The north stoa also had the function of a basilica, Ionic in style and divided into two aisles and a nave by two rows of columns. This three-aisled basilica replaced the single-aisled Hellenistic Hall.
Meetings of the law courts were probably held there in the basilica. The construction of the basilica in the proximity of the prytaneion would not have been a coincidence. This was first interpreted to be a shrine of Isis but later a temple of Dionysus.
The building on the south-west side of the agora was identified as the Nymphaeum of Laecanius Bassus. It opens into the road in the west where the Domitian Temple also faces.
Among the sculptures which decorated the fountain were Tritons and river gods. First it was a theater for theatrical performances as well as being the Bouleuterion.
It was the Senate House which was used by the boule, the advisory council of the city. It has always been very difficult to identify bouleuterion buildings as they did not have typical characteristics.
It was a two-storied building covered with a wooden roof with a seating capacity of 1, people. It consisted of three main sections; cavea, skene and proskene. The Imperial Cult never became a true religion. Its aim was to create unity among people.
The Prytaneion was the official administrative building or the city hall which housed the senior city officials. What characterized a prytaneion building as different from a bouleuterion was an eternal flame or the sacred hearth of Hestia in the prytaneion which is kept burning eternally by the Curetes, the six later nine priestesses of Hestia.
From an architectural standpoint it was like a private house. It contained an assembly hall, administrative rooms, the state archives and a dining hall in which officials and foreign visitors were welcomed. In front of the assembly hall there was a Doric courtyard. Some of the stones of the prytaneion were used in the restoration of the Scholastica Baths.
One life-size and the other double life-size Artemis statues are kept in the Ephesus Museum in Selcuk. The monument was a memorial which was dedicated to Memmius, son of Caius and grandson of Sulla.
Water brought by aqueducts is distributed from this fountain by a branching system of baked clay pipes. Richly decorated sculpture from the Hellenistic period was excavated there. The sculpture depicts Odysseus while he was blinding Polyphemus cyclops in order to escape from his cave.
During the Roman period, Ephesians erected many buildings and temples, and dedicated them to emperors in order to secure good relations and the support of Rome. This is the reason that the building was named as the Domitian Temple. But according to more recent research the statue is of the Emperor Titus.
At the end of the 1C AD, when he was assassinated, his statue was smashed to pieces on the ground by a mob as he was not well-liked. The name of the temple might change anytime but still, it is believed to be the first temple of the cult of emperors in Ephesus.
The pillars date from the 2C AD but were taken there to be used in the construction of a narrow gate house only in the 6C AD having originally stood elsewhere.The Celsus Library essaysThe construction of the Celsus Library was ordered by Council Julius Aquila in the name of his father Julius Celsus Palemaeanus.
It was built in A.D. The Celsus Library is one of the most spectacular buildings in Ephesus. The Library of Celsus is an ancient Roman building in Ephesus, Anatolia, now part of Selçuk, Turkey.
The Library of Celsus is an ancient Roman building in Ephesus, Anatolia, now part of Selçuk, Turkey. It was built in honour of the Roman Senator Tiberius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus,   completed between circa – CE   by Celsus' son, Gaius Julius Aquila (consul, AD). Aquila was granted permission for his father to be buried in a marble grave in a burial chamber in the library. Celsus’s sarcophagus lay inside the building, under the middle apse. The facade has two stories with three entrances in the lower story and three window openings in the upper story. The Library of Celsus is an ancient Roman building in Ephesus, Anatolia, now part of Selçuk, Turkey. It was built in honour of the Roman Senator Tiberius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus, completed between circa – A.D. by Celsus' son, Gaius Julius Aquila (consul, AD).
It was built in honour of the Roman Senator Tiberius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus, completed between circa – A.D. by Celsus' son, Gaius Julius Aquila (consul, AD). Aquila was granted permission for his father to be buried in a marble grave in a burial chamber in the library.
Celsus’s sarcophagus lay inside the building, under the middle apse. The facade has two stories with three entrances in the lower story and three window openings in the upper story.
The Library of Alexandria, in Egypt, was the largest and most significant great library of the ancient world. It flourished under the patronage of the Ptolemaic dynasty and functioned as a major center of scholarship from its construction in the 3rd century BC until the Roman conquest of Egypt in 30 BC.
The library was conceived and opened . May 29, · Tuesday, May 29, About the Celsus Library in Ancient Ephesus. Sarcophagus of Tiberius Julius Aquila Celsus Polemaeanus This is a photograph of a photograph in a book that I just got through inter-library loan, Ancient libraries in Anatolia: libraries of Hattusha, Pergamon, Ephesus, Nysa (Ankara: ODTÜ, ).