Wild life conservation is the way of preserving of animals or the plants which are endangered. Wild life conservation is concerned with environment, ecosystem and conservation of natural resources. Wild life conservation helps to protect the natural environment, endangered animals and plants.
Introduction to Sanctuary and National Parks: Wildlife is a vital part of the life-support systems for the human race. Hence, existence of all life forms is essential for the maintenance of delicate ecological-system. Sanctuaries and National Parks have been created which are the final insurance against the total disappearance of species.
The original idea of a sanctuary in India was closing of shooting-block for shooting and it is declared as such by the Conservator of Forests from time to time. But now as per the modern conception of a sanctuary as a part or whole of government forest permanently closed to shooting and in some cases prohibited to forest exploitation, grazing and other such revenue operations.
The definition of National Park which was evolved in in London Conference on African fauna is the one which is universally accepted. According to it, a National Parks is an area: In England, national parks are mostly area or sites of great natural beauty or a historical or archeological importance.
In Europe, they are preserves of natural wildlife, while in America they are mainly areas of outstanding scenic beauty and remarkable natural phenomena.
In Africa, they are almost entirely faunal in character. In India, the emphasis so far has been on the faunal character, and the shape that the present movement is taking is to convert certain sanctuaries or suitable reserves or protected forest, where there is sufficiency of wildlife and beautiful scenery, into national parks.
These areas are expected to be really worthy of being called national parks and must justify the appellation; both from the scenic and faunal aspects. In the former respect, India probably has the advantage over many countries as most of her sanctuaries are set in beautiful surroundings and have varied types of vegetation with an adequacy of wild life.
Every national park must have the minimum requisites of fauna, flora, scenery etc. Provision should be made for core-zone, buffer-zone and legal boundary.
There must be improvement of basic needs like food, water and shelter. Attention must be given towards fire, salt-licks, watch-towers, roads etc.
A national park before coming into its existence in India, it must be confirmed that the area is of such importance and status to deserve the same.
Administration of the area must be improved and simultaneously illegalities such as poaching, hunting, killing and unauthorized grazing etc. There should be adequate size of the park, well demarcated boundary, core-zone and buffer-zone. Both sanctuaries and national parks may be formed out of reserved or protected forests.
There should not be extraction of forest produce or other forms of revenue operations which are disturbing to wildlife.
In addition to sanctuaries and national parks, there should be certain areas in which wildlife is to be protected; such as places like in and around towns and sacred places, near lakes and in catchment areas of river etc.
In addition; such protection is necessary to enable a species, which is on the verge of extinction, to re-establish itself. There should be no exploitation of forest in these areas. They should be accessible to the public giving every facility to enjoy the experience of seeing wildlife at close quarters such as rest house, roads, paths vehicles, elephant-riding, watch-towers etc.
Protection of the boundaries of sanctuaries and parks is an important requirement both for protection and non-disturbance of wildlife within the areas. For this purpose, creation of core and buffer zones is necessary against cultivation, grazing, shooting, hunting, poaching and other kinds of illegal activities.
The core-area should be large enough for animals to remain completely undisturbed. Preventive inoculation of cattle in the surrounding areas of sanctuaries and park against infectious diseases is essential in the interest of wildlife.
In this connection, exclusion of grazing from sanctuaries and parks is necessary to guard against such epidemics.
Indigenous flora must be cared for and they should be preserved and protected as far as possible, because mark able changes may come bringing unsuitable ecological condition after their removal or negligence.
Apart from these, scientific management of sanctuaries and national parks is must to achieve the goal within short time. The undisturbed viewing of wild animals depends up to a large extent on the degree of protection as well as freedom.
In addition, added and improved attractions of food, water and shelter, as the basic needs, along with palatable grasses, salt-licks, fire-control etc.
By getting such suitable conditions, the animals can be prevented from migrating from area even in the unfavorable period.Wildlife conservation programs have been working hard to save many different species from extinction.
Some of these programs include The International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Recourses, which keeps track of the number of species in the wilderness, and the Fish and Wildlife Service, which sets up refugees for many endangered species to live.3/5(3).
Essay on Sanctuary and National Parks | Wildlife Conservation | Geography. it is possible to provide significant supplemental wildlife-habitat and movement corridors for wildlife.
Promoting awareness for wildlife-conservation among public at large and especially among young people forest-side communities and decision makers. All wildlife plays an important role in maintaining a natural balance on earth; therefore, it is vital for the nation to embrace a movement for wildlife conservation in .
Essay on the Problems in Wildlife Conservation & Management: Forests are unlocked property, it is vast and open and hence vulnerable for theft, hunting, killing, poaching and so on. Therefore, before going towards conservation or management of wildlife, it is essential to think over the problems facing in this direction which are mainly as.
A Survey of the Historical Literature The American people have had a complex relationship with nature.
On the one hand, we have exploited the nation's natural resources with devastating speed -- clearing forests, damming rivers, killing wildlife, fouling the air and water with pollutants. Water conservation essay is the paper dedicated to the urgent problem of the contemporary world about the necessity and possible ways of water protection.
The importance of the essay is explained by the increase of the amount of consumed water due to the growth of population, household activity and infrastructure, and climate changes.